The framers chose federalism because it’s the best way to balance power between the states and the federal government.
In a constitutional republic like ours, the people give up some of their rights in order to live in a peaceful society. The framers believed that this is how we should organize our government: by giving up some of our rights to others so that we can live in peace with one another.
This is not true for all forms of government. In a democracy, everyone has an equal say over what happens in their community and country — but that can lead to chaos if everyone wants different things at the same time. Democracies also don’t have any checks against tyranny, which means that if someone becomes powerful enough they can control everyone else without any resistance. This is why dictatorships usually collapse within a few years after taking power: because there’s nothing stopping them from doing whatever they want and destroying everything that’s good about their country.
In contrast, federalism tries to balance power between different levels of government so that no one person or group can have too much control over everyone else — especially since those groups are often fighting against each other anyway (e.g., Democrats vs Republicans). Federalism also gives citizens certain rights.
Last modified: October 11, 2022