When sulfuric acid reacts with sodium hydroxide, sodium sulfate and water form.
Sulfuric acid is a strong mineral acid that is commonly used in the extraction of metals from their ores. Sulfuric acid acts as a dehydrating agent, meaning that it can remove water molecules from other compounds by breaking their bonds with them. When mixed with sodium hydroxide, which is also known as lye and caustic soda, sulfuric acid will remove water from the mixture and convert it into sodium sulfate and hydrogen ions.
The hydrogen ions react with more water molecules to produce hydrogen gas and hydroxide ions, which are responsible for causing burns upon contact with human skin.
Sodium hydroxide (NaOH) is a strong base that can be used to neutralize acids. When mixed with sulfuric acid, it will react to produce sodium sulfate and water as products. Sodium sulfate is an inorganic salt that contains sulfur as an impurity and has many industrial applications due to its ability to absorb water.
The reaction between sodium hydroxide and sulfuric acid produces excess heat as well as some carbon dioxide gas.
Last modified: August 7, 2022