Carbon tetrachloride is a hydrocarbon, meaning that it is composed of only atoms of carbon and hydrogen. Carbon tetrachloride has a chemical formula of CCl4.
The molecule consists of two carbon atoms bonded to each other and four chlorine atoms bonded to each other. In addition, there are two lone pairs of electrons on the chlorine atoms, which means that each chlorine atom has six valence electrons.
Covalent bonds are formed between two or more atoms when they share electrons. Thus, carbon tetrachloride has covalent bonds between the carbon and chlorine atoms because they share electrons.
Last modified: September 11, 2022